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A:  At this level of generality your question is rather difficult for us to answer. What we can point to is a broad difference between traditional acupuncture and manipulative therapies like osteopathy and chiropractic. From the point of view of the latter two structure governs function. If everything is in the right place, especially the core musculo-skeletal tissues, then the body as a whole should function as it was intended to do. From the traditional acupuncture perspective, the reverse applies. If everything in the system functions the way it should, then the structure will fall into line. A traditional acupuncturist would be working to ensure that energy flowed where it was supposed to, and the fact that the body's muscles and tendons were properly nourished would allow them to do what they are supposed to and pull the body into it's proper shape.

Easier said than done! You may have heard of the Alexander Technique, a postural therapy which is taught rather than performed, where the body is encouraged to re-learn its proper shape. Years and years of misuse can create a kind of 'habit energy' where people will be shown what good posture is, sustain it for a few hours or even days, and then slowly revert to what the body has become used to. A teacher may take up to a year of lessons to get someone to sustain the right shape.

We have found that the same can often apply to acupuncture treatment. Correcting imbalances should, in theory, correct problems and leave them corrected. However, in practice the system can quite easily revert to its familiar position of unstable balance, and when this happens the symptoms which were a feature of that may well return. This is why treatment often falls into a similar pattern - a sequence of weekly treatments, followed by fortnightly or monthly treatment, and eventually treatment at the change of season with occasional one-off treatments to deal with short term problems.

Our advice to you would be to contact a BAcC member local to you to discuss what may be possible, and also to discuss with them how they might co-ordinate their work with someone who can look at your posture from a more structural point of view. It is often good to work in tandem with, for an example, an osteopath because they can achieve change to structure more quickly than through acupuncture but acupuncture at the same time can often help the body to maintain the changes.

From a Chinese medicine perspective, however, each patient is unique and different, and you would really need to see someone face to face to get the best idea of what acupuncture treatment may be able to offer.

There is no regulation of acupuncture by law in the UK, what is termed statutory regulation, and in theory anyone could undertake a short course in acupuncture and start up in business. In practice there is health and safety regulation in law about all forms of skin piercing which means that all practitioners have to either registered or licensed. Different rules apply in Scotland and Greater London from the rest of the UK, with practitioners having to hold an annual licence unless they belong to a professional body which has exempt status, like the BAcC, or are already regulated for their primary activity like physiotherapy or osteopathy. In the rest of the UK everyone except doctors and dentists has to be registered for every practice in which they work, but only pays a one-off registration fee.

In practice, environmental health officers who administer these laws now check whether the applicant is properly trained and insured, and we are aware of people with inadequate training being refused registration.

We do not anticipate that acupuncture will be regulated by statute in the short term. Our work is very safe and there are no reasons to spend money protecting the public interest when self-regulation, as praised by the Minister three years ago, seems to do the job. There is also a national scheme for voluntary registers run by the Professional Standards Authority which applies a very rigorous testing process for professional associations and has considerable national status as a government-backed initiative. The BAcC was one of the first two organisations in the UK to achieve accreditation.

Since there is no national regulation there are no nationally agreed standards. However, the BAcC is widely regarded as the leading body for acupuncture in the UK and its Codes, which you can find herehttp://www.acupuncture.org.uk/public-content/effective-practice/bacc-professional-codes.html

are often used as the benchmark for other associations, especially the Code of Safe Practice. These are all in the process of being updated to accommodate changes over the last five years in related law relating to data protection, etc etc.

Q: Could you please give me details of acupuncturists practicing in Central London who have experience in treating cancer patients. My husband has throat cancer and is receiving radiotherapy. i would very much like him to be treated for pain relief by an acupuncturist.

A:  Our stock response to these sorts of requests is that as well-trained generalists working within a Chinese medicine tradition which treats the patient, not the condition, any of our members should be able to offer you the same exemplary standards of care and treatment. The only areas where we have spent time investigating standards for expert practice are obstetrics, paediatrics and mental health issues. In all three there is a strong argument for recognising the additional training which members undertake, often in conventional medicine but also drawing on the experience of practitioners who have made these areas their entire practice focus for twenty years or more.

However, our own view is that the treatment of patients during cancer treatment is a strong candidate for the next round of expert practice investigations. Our experience in working with chemotherapy and radiotherapy patients is that both treatments have a substantial number of energetic as well as physical effects, and treating the person constitutionally is not always sufficient to offer the greatest benefit, good but not necessarily optimal.

Our hands are tied a little insofar as we cannot recommend individual practitioners, even though we know of several members who work within major cancer care establishments. Our advice to you would be to contact some of the more well-known treatment centres like the Royal Marsden or UCH and see if they offer acupuncture services within their brief and if so whether your husband can attend any of the clinics which they offer. If not, they may be able to recommend acupuncturists with whom they are associated.

Some of the leading experts in the field are not BAcC members but medical acupuncturists, but we are aware from their publications over the years that their expertise is considerable, and as we intimated above, traditional treatment may not always be sufficient in itself for dealing with the after-effects of radiotherapy. Chemotherapy is more commonplace, and most members will have a least a handful of patients at any one time following chemo regimes. Radiotherapy is less common.

Whichever route you follow, we would advise you to be a little cautious. There are a number of acupuncture facilities in the private cancer care field which offer acupuncture but there is no way online to check the bona fides of the practitioners. we believe that for your husband's optimal care you need to be looking at a properly trained traditional acupuncturist or a practitioner with several years of demonstrable experience working in this sector.  

Q: I am a US citizen who will be visiting  London . I suffer from atrial fibrillation that has been successfully controlled by acupuncture. My practitioner has provided me with a copy of the appropriate meridian points.  I need names of specialists who treat this condition in the event of an episode while I’m in England. Any assistance that you might provide would be greatly appreciated.

A:  Our view as Traditional Chinese medicine practitioners is that we are all generalists, i.e. because we treat the person rather than simply the condition then all of our members have achieved a minimum standard of competence to deal with the majority of patients who visit their practice and within the limits of their competence. The only areas where we are looking at defining 'expert practice' are obstetrics, paediatrics and mental health issues, largely because there is a considerable amount of conventional knowledge which it is appropriate to have for patients in these sectors.

This means, in effect, that if you use our postcode search facility on our home page, as we have just done, to check whether there are practitioners in the area, you will find a considerable list, all of whom can offer you the same high standard of care. We obviously cannot give individual recommendations, but we recognise several of the names in the area as experienced and skilled practitioners.

It is always helpful to have the benefit of someone else's diagnosis and treatment plan, especially where this has been successful. We believe that it is probably best to establish contact before you come across, and would recommend that you e-mail two or three to see if their responses are a good indicator of being people you could do business with. If so, then they would I am sure be happy to contact your practitioner in advance to exchange information.

The only tiny word of caution is that over the last couple of years we have had a scam running in the UK which begins with an e-mail saying 'I am coming to your country in July and would like to book a course of treatment in advance.... etc etc'. What happens then is quite sophisticated - ten treatments are booked, an international money order arrives for too much, the booker says the bank added their car hire on by mistake, could you send a cheque by way of refund, the cheque is sent and cashed, the international money order turns out to be a fake but takes longer to clear than the personal cheque which is long gone.  I say this because there may be some members who see an e-mail starting 'I shall be coming to the UK in July' and may delete it unread. If so, please forgive them and accept our apologies!

Q: I am trying to find an acupuncturist familiar with treating chemo induced peripheral neuropathy.

A:  We are happy to say that almost all of our members are likely to be familiar with treating the effects of chemotherapy, so prevalent is the treatment and so survivable many of the conditions for which it is the primary treatment option. If you enter the terms 'ncbi acupuncture chemotherapy induced neuropathy' in google , you will generate a number of results which show studies supporting the use of acupuncture treatment in helping this problem. Most of the studies conclude that further and better studies are necessary, but the general tone is one of encouragement.

From a Chinese medicine perspective, of course, neuropathy is understood rather differently and treated not simply as a result of the effects of chemical damage but as this against the backdrop of the patient's health. This is one of the greatest strengths of traditional acupuncture, that it aims to understand the presentation of symptoms in each individual patient rather than simply applying a general formula treatment. All of our members are trained in this approach, and our growing popularity over the years is testament to how well this approach works.

As far as finding a practitioner is concerned, using the practitioner search function on our home page will generate a number of people within easy reach. We typed 'Beckenham' in the search function and were given six options within a short walk from the town centre. You also have a greater number of options in nearby boroughs or at the end of the train line  - we have nearly 600 members working within Greater London. 

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