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Can acupuncture help reduce a swollen thyroid gland?

A:  This is quite a difficult question to answer without knowing a little more about the swelling. There are all sorts of reasons why a thyroid gland can swell, from a benign cyst which can be drained through to the goitres one would associate with Hashimoto's Disease or Graves Disease. If we are talking about the latter, where the swelling is a part of a larger pattern of pathological changes in the body, then acupuncture may be more relevant but the advice less specific.

If this is a pattern of thyroid enlargement causing hyperthyroidism (over-active thyroid) then the evidence from research for the use of acupuncture is not that encouraging or plentiful. Our factsheet

http://www.acupuncture.org.uk/a-to-z-of-conditions/a-to-z-of-conditions/thyroid-disease.html

cites three studies which address some of the more common manifestations of hyperthyroidism, but while the results are quite positive the samples are too small to generalise.  there are some Chinese studies of the treatment of benign thyroid nodules, and these again, while encouraging, are quite small.

However, one of the great dangers in trading in symptoms from a conventional medical perspective is that it does not do justice to Chinese medicine theory which has developed over 2500 years. Thyroid problems are not new, and although the ancient Chinese would not have understood hormone levels and thyroid function as we know it, they would certainly have made sense of all of the symptoms associated with thyroid hyperactivity, and would have been able to address them within the system of medicine. That does not mean that they would always be able to treat them successfully, and we have to be very careful not to let our maxim of 'treating the person, not the disease' lead people to believe that anything is possible. However, it does mean that there is a chance of bringing the symptoms under control.

However, without more specific information we would struggle to say more. It may simply be a benign swelling, in which case there may be more cause for optimism about what treatment can achieve. What we always say, though, is that if you are on medication for thyroid malfunction we always tread with great care. It can take a long time to achieve a good working balance from a diseased thyroid, and treatment can affect a good balance which has taken months of establish. We tend to work as closely as we can with a patient's medical team to ensure that everything is managed to maintain a good and stable pattern.

The best advice we can give is that you pop along to see one of our members local to you. This will give you the best chance to describe in greater detail what is going on and to be able to get from them a better idea of what may be possible.